MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020


CATEGORY  Logistic infrastructure Analytics and reviews Logistic services market Transportation in logistics



Increasing competition in the international market of transport services, due to the accelerated economic growth of the countries of East and South-East Asia and the formation of international transport corridors bypassing Russia make it necessary to create a competitive Maritime transport and logistics infrastructure (MTLI) in the Caspian region, whose favorable geographical location allows realizing the foreign trade and transit potential of cargo transportation through the territory of Southern Russia.
Basing on the systematization of open data, the structural and content characteristics of the components of the following Caspian sea transport and logistics infrastructure is presented: sea ports of Astrakhan, Olya, Makhachkala; water, railway and automobile routes; and sea and water transport.
The study of the marine transport and logistics infrastructure of the Caspian region highlighted the following problems: low capacity utilization of ports, lack of awareness among shippers about the possibilities of a route across the Caspian sea; lack of rolling stock for freight traffic, including grain that can potentially be transported to Iran via Caspian sea ports; high workload of rail access to ports. The conclusion is formulated about the need for accelerated development of the Maritime transport and logistics infrastructure of the Caspian region based on the expansion of the sea ports specialization; construction of new ports in the cities of Kaspiysk and Derbent; development of the multi-modal route India-Iran-Azerbaijan-Russia.


 Electronic version

 Keywords:  transport infrastructure logistics infrastructure maritime infrastructure maritime transport Caspian region comparative analysis international transportation corridors sea port sea transport

MAGAZINE  №5 (95) December 2019


CATEGORY  Logistic infrastructure Transportation in logistics



 Organization of transportation significantly affects the performance indicators of logistics systems. Therefore, more and more attention are paid to the development of organizational and managerial measures, the implementation of which helps to reduce delivery time, to ensure their reliability at an economically viable total cost based on digital technologies.
Automated management of the entire transport and logistics system of the port is becoming a mandatory requirement to ensure high-quality logistics in the supply chains. It is the precise organization of the logistics process that contains significant resources to reduce costs, increase speed, as well as reliability and quality of supply chains, but without the synergy of logistics and information technology, this is not possible.
The aim of the study is to increase the efficiency of the seaport and the provided port services by coordinating the flow processes formed by all participants in legal relations arising in the process of transshipment and processing of cargo in the seaport. In the formation of the reliability and quality of transport services, to which port services can be fully attributed, basically two methodological approaches are used: a process and a system approach.
The article focuses on the role and importance of seaports, as well as the formation of the quality of port services based on the application of the process approach. A classification of port services is proposed, which implies a wider list of classification features that consider the role and place of port services in the technological process of port operation. The analysis of the main technological processes associated with the passage of state control procedures in the seaport. The necessity of developing a unified network technological process of the seaport is identified and the principles of its formation are described.
The results of the study allow us to conclude that the interaction between all participants in the technological process of cargo handling in the seaport is low, which negatively affects the quality of port services and the competitiveness of the port. The development of a unified network technological process of the seaport will allow us to systematize the main processes of the seaport and to reveal the systemic links between them, which ensures stable and efficient operation of the port, as well as the interaction between the flows of information, cargo and transport.

 Electronic version

 Keywords: port sea port sea transport service quality process modeling process approach technology technological process



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