MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020


CATEGORY  Logistic infrastructure Analytics and reviews Logistic services market Transportation in logistics



Increasing competition in the international market of transport services, due to the accelerated economic growth of the countries of East and South-East Asia and the formation of international transport corridors bypassing Russia make it necessary to create a competitive Maritime transport and logistics infrastructure (MTLI) in the Caspian region, whose favorable geographical location allows realizing the foreign trade and transit potential of cargo transportation through the territory of Southern Russia.
Basing on the systematization of open data, the structural and content characteristics of the components of the following Caspian sea transport and logistics infrastructure is presented: sea ports of Astrakhan, Olya, Makhachkala; water, railway and automobile routes; and sea and water transport.
The study of the marine transport and logistics infrastructure of the Caspian region highlighted the following problems: low capacity utilization of ports, lack of awareness among shippers about the possibilities of a route across the Caspian sea; lack of rolling stock for freight traffic, including grain that can potentially be transported to Iran via Caspian sea ports; high workload of rail access to ports. The conclusion is formulated about the need for accelerated development of the Maritime transport and logistics infrastructure of the Caspian region based on the expansion of the sea ports specialization; construction of new ports in the cities of Kaspiysk and Derbent; development of the multi-modal route India-Iran-Azerbaijan-Russia.


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 Keywords:  transport infrastructure logistics infrastructure maritime infrastructure maritime transport Caspian region comparative analysis international transportation corridors sea port sea transport

MAGAZINE №3 (80) June 2017


CATEGORY Logistic infrastructure Transportation in logistics Industrial companies’ corporate logistics


 The major market for crude oil, which is produced in the Caspian region, and petroleum products, produced at the southern refineries of Russia and CIS countries, is the South European countries market. The transport infrastructure of these countries for delivery of oil products to consumers is designed for sea supply. In this work special attention is paid to the condition and development of port terminals and transport systems connecting port tank farms with consumers of oil products. The main capacity of the oil industry in the south of Europe is concentrated in the most developed countries. The method of quantitative analysis is used to study the transport infrastructure possibilities and the production of petroleum products in this region under study. With the help of this method it is possible to establish the correspondence of the transport infrastructure possibilities with expected and existing freight flows. The analysis of the capabilities of oil refineries that consume crude oil in this region is given. The possibilities of enterprises providing reserve capacities of oil energy resources are considered. Based on the last decade data for the oil consumption and refining in the countries of the region, the tendencies of development of supply chains for the oil industry in the south of Europe are being investigated. The main regions of crude oil consumption are outlined, the prospects for the development of oil production in the countries of southeast Europe are shown. The presented analysis makes it possible to identify the most significant areas of southern Europe for the implementation of oil supply chains in the region, to build the most efficient cargo flows for shippers. 

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